KNAPSACK satellite Filecasting

Knapsack for Hope Filecasting is a data transfer technology that requires no hardware other than the conventional home TV satellite set-top box. Using this technology, we can embed digital data such as web content and ebooks in a standard TV stream and send it over a satellite TV broadcast channel. The files can be recovered at the receiving end by recording the satellite TV stream and using our Extractor software to extract the embedded files and view on mobile or PC. 


A simple solution

Filecasting requires no internet infrastructure and can facilitate data transfer when no other communication method is available. The dynamic data correction allows for recovery of lost data packets due to severe weather condition or jamming noise. Also, with a minimum data transfer rate of 1Mbps, datacasting allows us to transfer tens of GigaBytes of digital data per day- over a hundred times faster than any available comparable technology.



Filecasting Applications

Our technology has tremendous application creating information hubs in schools, libraries, refugee camps, and communities in offline areas; communication for humanitarian organizations with staff in remote regions; sending emergency information packages in the event of natural disaster or internet shutdown- and anywhere where education and information access is sought.


Schools and libraries: 

Access up-to-date teaching resources and connect to unlimited number of ebooks, wikipedia and digital archives


Refugee Camps: 

Give residents access to daily news and educational resources


Emergency Communication:

Distribute real-time critical relief information at times of crisis and network outage


Toosheh Logo.png

Toosheh -"knapsack" in Persian- uses datacasting technology to distribute content that would otherwise be inaccessible to people in Iran and the neighboring countries. Using their already installed satellite dish, users can access up to 8 GB of information daily, including educational and training materials, news articles, entertainment, movies,  and rapid alerts in the event of a natural disaster. In a region where internet access is severely limited due to infrastructure, price, and government restrictions, Toosheh provides an immersive "bundle" that allows users to engage in worldwide conversations-- all at no cost and a data transfer rate of 1 GB an hour.

I think the idea behind Toosheh is brilliant. Using this method you can download Tor Browser, our video explaining Tor, and Tails within minutes—something that’s currently impossible with the internet speed in Iran.
— Nima Fatemi, Tor Project



of the world population does not have access to any form of internet

80% of the world doesn’t have access to an internet that is 100% uncensored


The ingenious way Iranians are using satellite TV to beam in banned internet.
— Wired Magazine


I wonder what would happen if I had the chance to watch [the TED videos] when I was a teenager. I might have studied harder in college.
— Reza, a Toosheh user in Sabzavar, northeast Iran


A Mobile App for Iranian Women Experiencing Domestic Violence

Whereas social, cultural, and legal barriers already make gender equality a struggle for women, user-friendly technologies are vital to providing support to at-risk individuals and raising awareness about their rights. 

Toranj is an Android application that educates and supports those at risk of experiencing violent circumstances, inside or outside the home. Through Toranj, survivors and victims have immediate access to a support network containing trusted friends and family, advocates, and knowledge of the legal system. 


An app for survivors of domestic violence and anyone who may become one


Toranj assists Iranian women in several different ways including emergency contact in case of a violent situation, legal support handbook, educational resources, self-assessment of romantic relationships, and a database of pro-bono counseling clinics and law firms. 



Toranj acts as a method of instantaneous communication, notifying trusted friends of a victim’s abuse the moment it begins. Victims can safely and discreetly send a series of pre-drafted text messages to selected contacts. The text messages read “call the police,” “get here fast,” or any other message the user would like to prepare. This can be done at a simple touch of the app’s HELP button. Furthermore, the app shares the victim’s GPS signal to inform these contacts of the victim’s location.



Legal documents and guidelines pertaining to victim rights and the filing of abuse complaints are also available to read and examine on Toranj. In the articles tab, sers can  read different educational resources pertaining to healthy understanding of relationships. 



Users can complete an assessment of their current relations with others. The assessment not only provides questions which women should consider in regards to the healthiness of their relationships, but also determines the prospective abusiveness of the user’s current partnership. The app also contains a list of suggested, local experts who survivors may contact for support: family attorneys, counselors, law enforcement officers, and advocates.